Biography

Carlos Cruz-Diez

Carlos Cruz-Diez with Transchromie

The Franco-Venezuelan artist Carlos Cruz-Diez (Caracas, 1923) has lived and worked in Paris since 1960. He is a major protagonist in the field of Kinetic and Optical art, a movement that encourages “an awareness of the instability of reality.” His body of work has established him as one of the key twentieth-century thinkers in the realm of color. Carlos Cruz-Diez’s visual art explores the perception of color as an autonomous reality evolving in space and time, unaided by form or support, in a perpetual present.

Carlos Cruz-Diez

SOLO EXHIBITIONS

2018

The Autonomy of Color, Galería RGR, Mexico City, Mexico.

Carlos Cruz-Diez. Color Motion, Museum für Konkrete Kunst, Ingolstadt, Germany.

2017

Chroma, Ocean Drive & 13th Street (Untitled Art Fair), Miami Beach, United States.

Chroma, SCAD Museum of Art, Savannah, United States
Exposición galardonada con el premio “Best of Year” de la revista “Interior Design”.

2016

Carlos Cruz-Diez. Un être flottant, Galerie Mitterrand, Paris, France.

2015
Carlos Cruz-Diez: Didaktik und Dialektik der Farbe, Das Kleine Museum, Weissenstadt, Germany.

2014
Cruz-Diez: Color espacial, Centro Niemeyer, Avilés, Spain. 
Chromatic Transfiguration, Maxwell Davidson Gallery, New York, United States

2013
Carlos Cruz-Diez: Circumstance and Ambiguity of Color, Maxwell Davidson Gallery, New York, United States

Carlos Cruz-Diez: Circumstance and Ambiguity of Color, China Central Academy of Fine Arts (CAFA), Beijing, China

2012
Cruz-Diez: A cor no espaço e no tempo, Pinacoteca do Estado, São Paulo, Brazil.

Carlos Cruz-Diez: El color en el espacio y en el tiempo, Museo Universitario Arte Contemporáneo (MUAC), Mexico City, Mexico.

2011
Carlos Cruz-Diez : Color in Space and Time, Museum of Fine Arts, Houston (MFAH), Houston, United States.
Carlos Cruz-Diez: El color en el espacio y en el tiempo, Museo de Arte Latinoamericano (MALBA - Fundación Costantini), Buenos Aires, Argentina.
 

2010
Carlos Cruz-Diez: The Embodied Experience of Color, Miami Art Museum, Miami, United States.

2008
Carlos Cruz-Diez: (In)Formed by Color, Americas Society, New York, United States.

1998
Carlos Cruz-Diez “...und gebe dem Raum die Farbe”, Städtisches Museum, Gelsenkirchen-Buer, Germany.

1988
Carlos Cruz-Diez: Die Autonomie der Farbe. Bilders - Plastiken - Objekte aus den Jahren 1959-1988, Josef Albers Museum Quadrat Bottrop, Moderne Galerie, Bottrop, Germany.

1981
Cruz-Diez: Didáctica y dialéctica del color. Intervenciones en la arquitectura. Inducciones cromáticas, Museo de Arte Contemporáneo Sofía Imber, Sala Cadafe y Sala Ipostel, Caracas, Venezuela.

1974
Carlos Cruz-Diez, Museo de Arte Contemporáneo Sofía Imber y Sala Cadafe, Caracas, Venezuela.

1970
XXXV Biennale di Venezia, Pabellón Venezolano, Venice, Italy.

1969
Cruz-Diez: Cinq propositions sur la couleur, Galerie Denise René - Rive droite, Paris, France.

1965 

A Decade of Physichromies by Carlos Cruz-Diez, Signals London, London, England.

1960

Fisicromías de Cruz-Diez, Museo de Bellas Artes, Caracas, Venezuela.

1956
Carlos Cruz-Diez, Galería Buchholz, Madrid, Spain. 
Fisicromías de Cruz-Diez, Museo de Bellas Artes, Caracas, Venezuela.

GROUP EXHIBITIONS

2018

The Other Trans-Atlantic. Kinetic and Op Art in Eastern Europe and Latin America 1950’s - 1970s, Garage Museum of Contemporary Art, Moscow, Russia.                               

Action <-> Reaction. 100 Years of Kinetic Art, Kunsthal Rotterdam, Róterdam, Netherlands. Concrete Matters, Moderna Museet, Estocolmo, Suecia. Signals, Sotheby’s Gallery S|2, London, England.

Obres obertes. L’art en moviment, 1955-1975, Fundació Catalunya - La Pedrera, Barcelona, Spain.

2017

Geometría en Movimiento, Galería RGR, Mexico City, Mexico

L'emozione dei COLORI nell’arte, GAM – Galleria Civica d’Arte Moderna e Contemporanea, Turin, Italy.

2016

The Illusive Eye. Op Art and the Americas in the 1960s, El Museo del Barrio, New York, United States.

Eye Attack. Op Art and Kinetic Art 1950-1970, Louisiana Museum of Modern Art, Humlebaek, Denmark.

In the Studio, Tate Modern, London, England.

Un musée imaginé. Et si l’art disparaissait ? Trois collections européennes. Centre Pompidou, Tate, MMK, Centre Pompidou-Metz, Metz, France.

Das imaginäre Museum / An Imagined Museum. Works from the Centre Pompidou, Tate and MMK collections, Museum für Moderne Kunst - MMK2, Frankfurt, Germany.

Split. Spiegel, Licht, Reflexion, Schauwerk Sindelfingen, Sindelfingen, Germany.

2015

An Imagined Museum. Works from the Centre Pompidou, Tate and MMK collections, Tate Liverpool, Liverpool, England.

Let's Move, La Patinoire Royale, Brussels, Belgium.

2014
Radical Geometry: Modern Art of South America from the Patricia Phelps de Cisneros Collection, Royal Academy of Arts, London, United Kingdom.

Light Show, Auckland Art Gallery Toi o Tomaki, Auckland, New Zealand 
Formes simples, Centre Pompidou-Metz, Metz, France. 
Light Show, Museum of Contemporary Art, Sidney, Australia. 
Short Cuts, Centre PasquArt, Bienne, Switzerland. 

2013
Dynamo. Un siècle de lumière et de mouvement dans l’art. 1913-2013, Galeries Nationales du Grand Palais, Paris, France.

La invención concreta. Colección Patricia Phelps de Cisneros, Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía, Madrid, Spain.

Light Show, Hayward Gallery, London, England.

2012
Suprasensorial: Experiments in Light, Color, and Space, Hirshhorn Museum, Washington, D.C., United States.

2011
América fría: La abstracción geométrica latinoamericana (1934 - 1973), Fundación Juan March, Madrid, Spain.

2010
Suprasensorial: Experiments in Light, Color and Space, The Geffen Contemporary at The Museum of Contemporary Art (MOCA), Los Ángeles, United States.

2007
Lo[s] cinético[s], Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía, Madrid, Spain.

2004
Inverted Utopias: Avant-Garde Art in Latin America, Museum of Fine Arts, Houston (MFAH), Houston, United States

2001
Denise René, l’intrépide: Une galerie dans l’aventure de l’art abstrait, 1944-1978, Centre Pompidou, Galerie d’Art Graphique y Galerie du Musée, Paris, France

1993
Latin American Artist of the Twentieth Century, Museum of Modern Art, New York, United States

1992
L'Art en mouvement, Fondation Maeght, Saint-Paul- de-Vence, France

1985
Forty years of Modern Art 1945-1985, Tate Gallery, London, United Kingdom.

1967
Lumière et mouvement, Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris, Paris, France.

1965
The Responsive Eye, Museum of Modern Art, New York, United States
Carlos Cruz Diez

1964
Propositions visuelles du mouvement international Nouvelle Tendance, Musée des Arts Décoratifs, Palais du Louvre, Pavillon de Marsan, Paris, France.

1961
Bewogen Beweging, Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, Netherlands

 

PUBLIC COLLECTIONS

England

Tate Modern, London

France

Musée d’Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris

Centre Pompidou, Paris

Germany

Wallraf-Richartz Museum, Cologne

United States

Museum of Modern Art (MoMA), New York

Museum of Fine Arts, Houston

 

 

AWARDS 

1966
Gran Premio, III Bienal Americana de Arte, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, Córdoba, Argentina.

1967
Premio Internacional de Pintura, IX Bienal de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brasil.

1971
Premio Nacional de Artes Plásticas, Instituto Nacional de Cultura y Bellas Artes (INCIBA), Caracas, Venezuela.
Carlos Cruz Diez

1981
Orden Andrés Bello, Primera Clase, Caracas, Venezuela.

1986
Grado de Oficial, Ordre des Arts et des Lettres, Paris, France

1992
Medalla de Oro, Norwegian International Print Triennale, Oslo, Norway.

1994
Grado de Comandante, Orden Heráldica Cristóbal Colón, Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic

2002
Grado de Comandante, Ordre des Arts et des Lettres, Paris, France

2006
Doctor Honoris Causa, Universidad Simón Bolívar, Caracas, Venezuela.

2007
Doctor Honoris Causa en Arte, Universidad de Los Andes, Mérida, Venezuela.

2011
Medalla de Oro, Americas Society, New York, United States

2012
Premio Penagos de Dibujo, Fundación Mapfre, Madrid, Spain.

2012
Grado de Oficial de la Orden Nacional de la Legión de Honor, Paris, France.

2014
Doctor Honoris Causa, Universidad Central, Caracas, Venezuela.

2015
Turner Medal, City University, London, United Kingdom

 

PUBLICATIONS

Exhibition Catalogues

Carlos Cruz-Diez, Cruz-Diez: Color espacial, 2015

Ariel Jiménez, Carlos Cruz-DiezCarlos Cruz-Diez. Entretiens avec Ariel Jiménez, 2015

Carlos Cruz-Diez, Vivir en arte, recuerdos de lo que me acuerdo, 2014 

Carlos Cruz-Diez, Edgar Cherubini Lecuna, Cruz-Diez en Blanco y Negro,2013

Carlos Cruz-Diez, Réflexion sur la couleur, 2013

Mari Carmen Ramírez, Héctor Olea, Carlos Cruz-Diez: Color In Space And Time, 2011

Marion Chanson, L'atelier de Carlos Cruz-Diez, 2011

Ariel Jiménez, Carlos Cruz-Diez, Carlos Cruz-Diez in conversation with/ en conversación con Ariel Jiménez, 2010

Carlos Cruz-Diez, Reflexión sobre el color, 2009 (origina editionl 1989)

Carlos Cruz-Diez & Carmen Wörn, Chromatiques, 2009

Pierre Arnauld, Cruz-Diez, 2008

Dr. Julio César Schara, Carlos Cruz Diez y el arte cinético, 2001 (new edition 2011)